It’s Time to Break It Down!
(This post appeared originally in this space on August 31, 2011. It was re-purposed and presented again September 3, 2014, September 7, 2016, September 6, 2017, September 5, 2018 and today, September 4, 2019)
All things considered, I had to win a spirited debate with myself in order to resist the impulse to make this post about Donald Trump. Between his blowing off his scheduled trip to Poland, ostensibly to keep an eye on the progression of Hurricane Dorian, only to spend his Labor day Weekend golfing (which he found frequent opportunity to lambaste the previous President for…but who’s keeping track), or for “suggesting that Vice President Pence stay at his Doonbeg resort during his official government business trip to Ireland, even though the resort is on the extreme western coast of Ireland, while his business is in Dublin, which is in Eastern Ireland, an hourlong car ride and a 40-minute flight away (a suggestion Pence accepted, of course), or his continued ritualistic song and dance intended to avoid backing any enhancement to existing federal gun laws, despite an unabated spate of mass shootings, along with the usual plethora of untethered to sanity tweets, it’s apparent by now there will be Trump topics for the foreseeable future. I’ll catch him later.
is you know, Monday was Labor Day. As with most holidays, I knock it down a few notches so readers can enjoy their time off, and ease into a vintage post, if they so choose. At its core, according to the U.S. Department of Labor, Labor Day in the United States was designed to commemorate the creation of the labor movement; dedicated to the social and economic achievements of American workers. The holiday focuses on contributions workers have made to the strength, prosperity and well being of our country.
First observed in September 1882, the event has always been observed on the first Monday of the month. Initiated by the Central Labor Union of New York, the celebration became a federal holiday in 1894.
In addition to its formal structure and purpose, Labor Day has a number of symbolic associations. It is considered:
- The unofficial “End of Summer”
- The last 3-Day warm weather weekendfor vacationers
- By High Society standards, the last day for which it is appropriate for women to wear white
- The beginning of the College Football Season(the preceding Saturday)
- The start of the NFL Season(typically the following Thursday)
- The conventional kick-off of hard core political campaign season
- Back–to-School shopping
On the formal side, while the Labor Department’s blurb omits any reference to it, Labor Day also validates and recognizes an often controversial mechanism that frequently divides American opinion; labor union. Scorned by many who fancy themselves as Free Enterprise Capitalists, unions and their members have not only been actively involved historically, in debates that framed public policy for American workers, they have won or forced hard-earned concessions that in the shimmering glow of reflective perspective, must be considered to have fundamentally altered the playing field (known as the workplace), including:
- Health Care Benefits
- Paid Vacations
- Equal Pay to women
- The Development of Child Labor Laws
- The 5-Day Work Week
- The 40-Hour Work Week
- The8-Hour Work Day
- Worker’s Compensation benefits
- Female Flight Attendants permitted to marry
These and many other important cherished and effective employee rights are attributable to the efforts of the American Labor Movement. But, this is not an ode to Labor Unions. Unions also have downsides. They create or contribute to:
- The potential for strikes
- Additional costs to all employees (membership dues; whether a member or not)
- Loss of individuality (ability to represent one’s self in a grievance)
- Subject to fines & discipline by the Union
- Disincentivesto productivity and competition
- Lack of promotions
- Burdensome salary demands(relative to the market)
- Loss of profits (and/or pay) due to strike
- Inefficient & ineffective contracts
- Increased unemployment due to failure to reach agreement w/management
The first Labor Day celebration was led by a Labor Union. The history of the Day has been linked, inextricably, with Labor organizations, ever since. But if it is the American Worker the Day was intended to commemorate, Labor Day 2011 was set in an auspicious and trenchant backdrop:
- The Unemployment Ratein the U. was reported to be 1% in July 2011
- The economy added only 117,000 jobs in July (154,000 in the private sector, -37,000government jobs lost); better than expected, but still a dismally low number
- Businesses were stockpiling $2 trillion in cash
Three years hence, the picture, thankfully, was much improved:
- The Unemployment Rate in the U.S. was reported to be 2% in July 2014
- The economy added 209,000jobs in July 2014
- August 2014employment data was released the firstFriday in September
In 2011, President Obama, had announced after the Debt Ceiling Deal on August 2nd, that he would present a jobs proposal for Congress to consider, and was set to do so, after Labor Day, (on September 8th). The proposal included a combination of tax cuts, spending on infrastructure, and measures designed to assist the long-term unemployed, while bolstering certain sectors of the economy. This potion sounds eerily similar to the ideas Democrats proposed when negotiating the Debt Deal.
Republicans were lined up to oppose the plan, suggesting instead, among other things, a Balanced Budget Amendment; a balm the GOP/Tea Party also suggested during the Debt Deal negotiation. In short, there was little expectation for significant movement, or the adoption of sweeping legislation to address the lack of jobs in America…and there wasn’t. What we had instead was, déjà vu…all over, again! At the time, I was compelled to ask, “Labor Day: Where Is The Celebration?” Fast forward three years, and the truth is the labor dynamics in this country had improved appreciably. However, our country was still beset by challenges.
Each day we were faced with a series of old, and developing challenges abroad. Syria, Iraq, the Ukraine, Russia, North Korea, China, Somalia, are all global hot spots, just to name a few. Then of course, there was the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and the burgeoning by ISIS/ISIL, also known as the Islamic State. And oh yeah, we were still winding down in Afghanistan.
Moving forward again, in the August 2016 Jobs Report, issued September 2, 2016, the nation’s Job’s Report continued to improve:
- The Unemployment Rate in the U.S. was reported at 4.9%
- The economy added 151,000 jobs in August 2016
- Paychecks grew 2.4% compared to the previous year
- Jobs Growth record extended to 69 consecutive months
The August 2017 Jobs Report, issued September 1, 2017, showed that the economy, for the most part, held steady during the month of August.
- The Unemployment Rate in the U.was reported at 4.4%, up slightly
- The economy added 156,000 jobs in August 2017
- Earnings rose 2.5% over the past 12 months; however, the average work week shrank .1 hour to 34.4 hours per week, which means paychecks were a bit smaller
- The Jobs Growth record has extended to 81 consecutive months (7 months for #45)
Last year, the August 2018 Jobs Report was not released until Friday, September 7th. The July Report showed a dip of one-tenth of a percentage point, down to the second lowest rate for the year, by one-tenth of a point. In July:
- The Unemployment Ratein the U.S. was reported at 9%
- The economy added 157,000 jobs
- Earnings were unchanged from June to July
- The Jobs Growth record has extended to 93 consecutive months (18 months for #45)
This year, the August 2019 Jobs Report will not be released until Friday, September 6th. The July Report showed the Unemployment Rate remained constant.
- The Unemployment Rate in the U.S. was reported at 3.7%
- The economy added 164,000 jobs
- Hourly earnings rose by 8 cents to $27.98
- The Job Growth record was extended to 105 weeks
August job growth is historically volatile, and is the slowest month for job growth since the Reports have been published. It’s important to keep an eye out for Friday’s Report, but it’s also of significance to note that despite historic volatility, the trend for this year has been one of consistently low unemployment, remaining comfortably below 5%.
As the sixth bullet from the top advises, the conventional kick-off of the hard-core political campaign season is upon us. There are lots of issues to consider, including, North Korea, Russia, the recent series of mass shootings, the narrowing of the Democratic field of Presidential Candidates, and…yes, Donald Trump, and his connection to any and/or all of the above.
The General Election is just 62 days away. The low unemployment rate is a good news story. However, while there is no Presidential Election this year, we are looking ahead to the local elections across the country. Please understand that elections have consequences! By all means be sure to exercise your franchise; vote!
Meanwhile, contemplate “Labor Day: It’s All About The Workers Redux ’19,” and while we’ve got plenty of issues to temper our celebration, we should indeed celebrate America’s phenomenal Labor Movement. I’m done; holla back!
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